Urmia , formerly known (during the Pahlavi Dynasty, 1925–1979) as Rezaeyeh, is a city in and the capital of West Azerbaijan Province, Iran.
The city lies at an altitude of 1,330 m above sea level on the Shahar Chay river (City River). Urmia is the 10th most populated city in Iran. The population is mainly turks.
Urmia is situated on a fertile plain called Urmia Plain, on western side of Lake Urmia.Urmia is the trade center for a fertile agricultural region where fruit (especially Apple and Grape) and Tobacco are grown.
Urmia's climate is semi-arid (Köppen BSk) with moderately cold winters, mild springs, hot, dry summers (though mild for Iran) and crisp autumns.
The Language of the majority of population is mainly Turkish and Kurdish with Assyrian, and Armenian minorities. The majority of people are followers of Shia Islam. Also there are Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox Christians, followers of Sunni Islam, followers of Bahá'í Faith, Jews and followers of different kinds of Sufism.